A recent study (Gray WN, et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2015; 21: 1125-31) examines preparedness of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on the verge of transitioning to adult gastroenterologists from pediatric gastroenterologists.
Using a population of 195 patients (16-25 years), the authors used the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ). Scoring system:
- 5= Yes, I always do this when I need to
- 4= Yes, I have started doing this
- 3= No, but I am learning to do this
- 2= No, but I want to learn
- 1= No, I do not know how
Specific Readiness Skills & Mean Scores (more complete data listed in Table 3):
- Taking medicines correctly and on own 4.66
- Arranging for ride to medical appointment 4.39
- Managing money and budgeting 3.69
- Calling doctor about unusual change in health 3.64
- Reordering and getting refills on time 3.60
- Calling doctor’s office to schedule an appointment 3.09
- Getting financial help with school or work 2.92
- Knowing what health insurance covers 2.60
- Applying for health insurance if coverage lost 2.44
Key finding: “Only 5.6% older adolescents/young adults …met our institutional benchmark.”
To help with transition readiness the authors recommend the CDHNF/NASPGHAN Transition Checklist for parents and starting on transition issues between 12-15 years of age. Transition checklist available here: Transitioning a Patient With IBD From Pediatric to Adult Care –this is a simple 2-page handout!
Conclusion: Most patients need more work on transition readiness. If patients are not prepared, it is more likely that this will lead to medical setbacks.
“Exercise Decreases Risk of Future Active Disease in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Remission” Inflammatory Bowel Dis 2015; 21: 1063-71. This prospective study used the CCFA’s Partners’ internet-based cohort. 227 of 1308 (17.4%) Crohn’s disease (CD) patients and 135 of 549 (24.6%) Ulcerative colitis/indeterminate colitis (UC/IC) patients developed active disease after 6 months. Key finding: Higher exercise level was associated with decreased risk of active disease for CD (adjusted relative risk 0.72) and UC/IC (adjusted relative risk 0.78). Take-home point: While there are several limitations to this study, it does seem likely that regular physical exercise is a good idea (not just in patients with IBD). In this population, subjective markers of disease activity (sCDAI and SCCAI) improved in those who exercised more.