Identifying Anastomotic Ulcers with Capsule Endoscopy

A retrospective review (LM Bass et al. JPGN 2015; 61: 215-9) showed that capsule endoscopy (CE) can be helpful in identifying anastomotic ulcers among patients with short bowel syndrome and chronic GI blood loss.

This study of 4 patients (& 6 CE procedures) indicated that two of these patients underwent surgery after identifying anastomotic ulcers.  The other common treatment was antibiotics. In the suggested evaluation CE was used after upper/lower endoscopy. The recommended role for patency capsule/small bowel imaging is not clearly spelled out, but should be carefully considered due to the risk of strictures.

“The decision to perform CE is made in conjunction with medical and surgical teams so that, although every effort is made to avoid a situation that may result in a retained capsule, both parents and care teams are prepared.”

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