How often are acid blockers used in neonates?

A recent study (JL Slaughter et al. J Pediatric 2016l 174: 63-70) shows a high rate of acid blockers in neonatal intensive care units.  This study retrospectively analyzed the Pediatric Health Information System database (PHIS) from 2006-2013.

  • Of 122,0002 infants: 23.8% received either a histamine-2-receptor antagonist (H2RA) or proton pump inhibitor (PPI).
  • 19.0% had received an H2RA
  • 10.5% had received a PPI

My take (borrowed from authors): “despite limited evidence and  increasing safety concerns, H2RAs/PPIs are frequently prescribed to extremely preterm neonates…Our findings support the need for innovative studies.”  Wouldn’t it be nice if there was proof of efficacy in this population?

Vickery Creek, Roswell

Vickery Creek, Roswell

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