Vedolizumab Study in IBD

From CGH Associated Editor Charles Kari:

Effectiveness and Safety of Vedolizumab Induction Therapy for Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Vedolizumab is a biologic agent which targets the integrin receptor and is approved for the treatment of patients with moderate-severe ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). Vedolizumab inhibits the interaction between α4β7 integrin and mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM–1).

In this [November] issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Amiot and colleagues report the effectiveness and safety of vedolizumab induction therapy in patients with moderate-to-severe active UC and CD who previously failed anti-TNF therapy. Active IBD was defined according to the Harvey-Bradshaw index (HBI) >4 for CD patients and the Mayo Clinic score ≥6 for UC patients. Patients received intravenous vedolizumab at a dose of 300 mg at weeks 0, 2 and 6 and then every 8 weeks through week 52. Concomitant use of corticosteroids, immunomodulators, or methotrexate was permitted. The primary outcome measure was steroid-free clinical remission at week 14, which was defined as a HBI ≤4 for CD patients and a partial Mayo Clinic score ❤ with a combined stool frequency and rectal bleeding subscore of ≤1 for UC patients. A total of 294 patients were enrolled (CD, 173; UC, 121), of whom 276 completed the induction period. At week 14, 63 (36%) and 47 (39%) patients were in clinical remission in the CD and UC groups, respectively, of whom 53 (31%) and 43 (36%), respectively, were in steroid-free clinical remission. The clinical response rates at 14 weeks were 64% for CD patients and 57% for UC patients. Adverse events occurred in 93 patients (31.6%) out of 294 patients with serious adverse events in 24 (8.2%) and adverse events leading to vedolizumab discontinuation in 15 (5.1%) including one case of pulmonary tuberculosis.

In conclusion, in a cohort of IBD patients who failed anti-TNF therapy and received vedolizumab, about one third experienced steroid-free clinical remission at 14 weeks, with good safety profile (Figure 3).

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